Tuesday, 24 October 2023 00:00

Common Reasons Behind Foot Swelling

Foot swelling, also known as edema, can be uncomfortable and concerning. Knowing what caused your feet to swell can help to address it effectively. One prevalent cause is standing or sitting for extended periods, which can impede blood circulation and lead to fluid accumulation in the feet and ankles. Additionally, injuries or strains can cause localized swelling, while sprains and fractures may result in more severe swelling. Certain medical conditions like deep vein thrombosis, hypertension, and heart disease can contribute to foot edema due to their impact on circulation. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can lead to fluid retention and swollen feet. In some cases, medications may have this side effect. Obesity is another significant factor, as excess weight can add pressure on the veins and lead to swelling. If you have swollen feet, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can determine the cause and provide treatment.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact James Pak, DPM of California. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Anaheim, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


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